EaPTC Cooperation Programmes
Moldova – Ukraine
Moldova – Ukraine / News & Events
EaPTC Moldova – Ukraine Awarded Grant Projects
- Common Space for Creative and Cultural Industries
- Cross-border Network for Innovative Agriculture
- Developing a territorial early warning system for flood emergencies in the Prut river region (TEAWAS)
- Development of the Ukrainian-Moldavian cross-border production-scientific-educational cluster for processing of winemaking by-products
- Enhanced capacity for an efficient waste management in "Lower Danube" Euroregion area (CleanTown)
- Facilitation of people-to-people links in social, cultural and educational sphere with focus on young care leavers from Republic of Moldova and Chernivtsi region
- Healthy way by upgraded cross-border sport infrastructure
- Increase of the emergency situations preparedness level of medical structures and population of the regions of Ukraine and Republic of Moldova
- Joint Cycling for Active Youth Without Borders
- Joint Opportunities in Business for Youth (JOBs for Youth)
- Promotion of Food Heritage in the Lower Danube Region (RiverFood)
- Rural tourism – a sure step towards boosting the cross-border cooperation between districts of Soroca (Republic of Moldova) and Yampil (Ukraine, Vinnytsya Oblast)
- Step by Step Towards Separate Collection of the Solid Waste
- Strengthening Regional Capacities for Applying Environmentally Friendly Technologies in Integrated Pest Management Systems
- Through Sustainable Transport to Clean Environment
- Youth in Action
Moldova – Ukraine / Documents
|MD-UA_Joint Operational Programme_Final_ENG.pdf||MD-UA Joint Operational Programme FINAL_ENG||615,83 Kb|
|MD-UA_Joint Operational Programme_Final_RO.pdf||MD-UA Joint Operational Programme FINAL_RO||627,93 Kb|
|MD-UA_Joint Operational Programme_Final_UKR.pdf||MD-UA Joint Operational Programme FINAL_UKR||647,75 Kb|
|ENG EaPTC recommendations on TYPICAL MISTAKES FINAL.pdf||ENG EaPTC recommendations on TYPICAL MISTAKES FINAL||227,47 Kb|
|RO EaPTC recommendations on TYPICAL MISTAKES FINAL.pdf||RO EaPTC recommendations on TYPICAL MISTAKES FINAL||209,16 Kb|
|UKR EaPTC recommendations on TYPICAL MISTAKES_FINAL.pdf||UKR EaPTC recommendations on TYPICAL MISTAKES FINAL||216,18 Kb|
|Project clinics_Concept Note_ENG.docx||Project clinics_Concept Note_ENG||484,07 Kb|
|Project clinics_Concept Note_RUS.docx||Project clinics_Concept Note_RUS||484,73 Kb|
|Project clinics_Logical Framework Matrix_ENG.docx||Project clinics_Logical Framework Matrix_ENG||363,3 Kb|
|Project clinics_Logical Framework Matrix_RUS.docx||Project clinics_Logical Framework Matrix_RUS||363,83 Kb|
|Project clinics_Budget_ENG.xls||Project clinics_Budget_ENG||51,5 Kb|
|Project clinics_Budget_RUS.xls||Project clinics_Budget_RUS||68 Kb|
|Project clinics_Questions_ENG.docx||Project clinics_Questions_ENG||363,75 Kb|
|Project clinics_Questions_RUS.docx||Project clinics_Questions_RUS||364,55 Kb|
|Call for applications assessors_MD_UA.pdf||Call for applications assessors_MD_UA||173,37 Kb|
General Facts of the Republic of Moldova
Official Name: Republic of Moldova
Government: Parliamentary republic
President: Igor Dodon
Prime Minister: Pavel Filip
Total land area of Moldova: 33,843.5 km2
Capital and largest city: CHISINAU (Kishinev)
Moldovans - 69.6%, Ukrainians- 11.2%, Russians - 9.4%, Gagauz - 3.9%, Bulgarians - 2.0%, Romanians - 1.9%, others - 1.5% . (2004)
Romanian (official), Russian, Ukranian, Gagauz (Turkish dialect)
Orthodox - 93.34%, Protestant - 1.89%, Old Believer - 0.15%, Roman Catholic - 0.14%, Jewish - 0.11%, Atheist - 0.38%, Non-religious - 0.98%, Other religion - 0.88% (2004 est.)
3,559 mln (January 2013 official statistics): 1,492 mln in urban area and 2,067 - in rural
Major cities - population:
CHISINAU (capital) 800,600 (2012)
32 raions (raioane, singular - raion), 11 municipalities (municipii, singular - municipiul), 1 autonomous territorial unit (unitatea teritoriala autonoma), and 1 territorial unit (unitatea teritoriala).
Raions: Anenii Noi, Basarabeasca, Briceni, Cahul, Cantemir, Calarasi, Causeni, Cimislia, Criuleni, Donduseni, Drochia, Dubasari, Edinet, Falesti, Floresti, Glodeni, Hincesti, Ialoveni, Leova, Nisporeni, Ocnita, Orhei, Rezina, Riscani, Singerei, Soldanesti, Soroca, Stefan-Voda, Straseni, Taraclia, Telenesti, Ungheni
Municipalities: Cahul, Edinet, Hancesti, Orhei, Soroca, Ungheni, Straseni, Ceadir-Lunga, Balti, Bender, Chisinau
Autonomous territorial unit: Gagauzia
Territorial unit: Stinga Nistrului (Transnistria)
Moldova has a total of 982 incorporated localities (de jure with 982 mayors and 982 local councils), of which 11 have municipality status, 61 have city status, and 916 are villages with commune status. Another 699 villages are too small to have a separate administration, and are part of either cities (40 of them) or communes (659). This makes for a total of 1,681 localities of Moldova, all but two of which are inhabited. The status of Chișinău, Bălți, and Bender as municipalities and first-level territorial units of the country allows their suburb villages to have, when large enough, their own mayor and local council. By contrast, the villages that are administratively part of (some of) the other cities do not retain self-rule.
Gagauzia - is the autonomous territorial entity with special status as a form of self-determination of the Gagauz, which independently within their competence, resolve issues of political, economic and cultural nature. Law on the special legal status of Gagauzia in Moldova was adopted by Parliament on Dec. 23, 1994.
Dnestr Moldavian Republic, or Transnistria – an unrecognized state in the south-eastern Europe. According to the administrative-territorial division of the Republic of Moldova territory of Transnistria is a part of the Republic of Moldova, although the actual territory of Transnistria Moldova is not monitored. The total length of the border Trans-Dniester Moldavian Republic is 816 km: 405 km of them - with Ukraine. Landlocked does not.
The conflict between the Moldovan and Transnistrian authorities, which began in 1989, and in 1992 led to armed confrontation and the many victims on both sides. The conflict had been stopped by the intervention of Russia and, in particular, due to the presence on the territory of Transdniestria Russian armed forces. At present, security in the conflict zone provide joint peacekeeping forces of Russia, Moldova, Transniestria and military observers from Ukraine. During the lengthy negotiations, brokered by Russia, Ukraine and the OSCE to reach an agreement on the status of Transnistria is not yet possible. The relationship between the parties to the conflict remain strained.
The Legislative, the Executive and the Judicial Powers are separate and cooperate in the exercise of their prerogatives in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.
The Constitution of the Republic of Moldova is the supreme law of the country. No laws or other legal acts and regulations in contradiction with the provisions of the Constitution may have any legal power.
- chief of state: President Nicolae TIMOFTI (Interim);
- head of government: Pavel Filip;
- cabinet: Cabinet proposed by president, subject to approval of Parliament;
- elections: president elected by direct vote of the citizens, according to the last changes seted by the Constitution by the Constitutional Court in March 2016. The president is elected for a four-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 30 October 2016 (next to be held in November 13, 2016); note - prime minister designated by the president upon consultation with Parliament; within 15 days from designation, the prime minister-designate must request a vote of confidence from the Parliament regarding his/her work program and entire cabinet.
- unicameral Parliament or Parlamentul (101 seats; members elected on an at-large basis by popular vote to serve four-year terms);
- elections: last held on 30 November 2014 (next to be held in 2018).
Supreme Court; Constitutional Court (the sole authority for constitutional judicature).
The Republic of Moldova lies in the central part of Europe in the northeastern Balkans. Moldova occupies an area of 33, 846 km2. The capital of Moldova is Chisinau. On the North, East and South Moldova is surrounded by Ukraine, and on the West it is separated from Romania by the Prut River. The total length of the national boundaries is 1,389 km, including 939 km with Ukraine and 450 km with Romania. The most northerly point is the village of Naslavcea (48º29´ N 27º35´ E), while the most southerly point, Giurgiulesti (45º 28´ N 28º 12´ E), which is the only settlement on the bank of the Danube. The most westerly point is the village of Criva (48º16´ N 26º30´ E) and the most easterly point is the village of Palanca (46º 25´ N 30º 05´ E).
The Republic of Moldova belongs to the group of countries located in the Black Sea Basin. It maintains close mutually advantageous commercial ties with these countries as well as the countries located in the Danube Basin. The southern border of the country extends almost as far as the Black Sea, which can be accessed through the Nistru Liman and the Danube River.
1265,6 million in 2015 (2,7% more comparing to 2014)
Labor force - by occupation:
services: 50,5% (2015 est.)
Moldova remains one of the poorest countries in Europe despite recent progress from its small economic base. With its moderate climate and good farmland, Moldova's economy relies heavily on its agriculture sector, featuring fruits, vegetables, wine, and tobacco. With few natural energy resources, Moldova imports almost all of its energy supplies from Russia and Ukraine. The country has a well-established wine industry. It has a vineyard area of 147,000 hectares (360,000 acres), of which 102,500 ha (253,000 acres) are used for commercial production. Most of the country's wine production is made for export.
Tourism focuses on the country's natural landscapes and its history. Wine tours are offered to tourists across the country. Vineyards/cellars include Cricova, Purcari, Ciumai, Romanesti, Cojușna, Milestii Mici, Castel Mimi, Et Cetera.
Moldova's economic future remains vulnerable to political uncertainty, weak administrative capacity, vested bureaucratic interests, higher fuel prices and the concerns of foreign investors as well as the presence of an illegal separatist regime in Moldova's Transnistria region.
EaPTC eligible region: the whole country’s territory
Experience in cross-border cooperation:
Euroregions have contributed for economic development and cooperation in Western Europe. This experience is translated as a background with high speed towards Central and Eastern Europe. In the regional triangle of Romania – Ukraine – Republic of Moldova borderlands, Euroregions came as a consequence of relaxation and pragmatization in their post – communist relations. Starting from late 1990s the idea of Euroregions comprising administrative units from each of these three countries began to take shape. The beginning was laid by the Protocol on trilateral cooperation between the governments of Ukraine, Moldova and Romania signed on July 3 – 4, 1997 in Izmail, which contained specific provisions on creating Lower Danube and Upper Prut Euroregions. The expectations from the two Euroregions were high, considering the urgent need to „re-load‟ the agenda of regional and bilateral relations between the states, which after 1991 had struggled to overcome the historical legacies and disputes. Euroregions were regarded as a promising framework for solving practical problems of regional cooperation between neighboring regions.
The Lower Danube Euroregion was established on August 14, 1998 in Galati (Romania), with the participation of administrative units of the three neighboring states: Odessa region (Ukraine), Galati, Tulcea and Braila counties (Romania), Cantemir and Cahul counties (Republic of Moldova). The main spheres of the Euroregion’s activities were identified as follows: economic cooperation, transport, communications and infrastructure, environmental activities and humanitarian spheres (education, healthcare, etc.). Among the specific projects that have been implemented by the Euroregion are: the construction of two ferries across the Danube, the reconstruction of access roads and border entry points, upgrading transshipment bases for processing export – import and transit cargoes (Acord cu privire la constituirea euroregiunii «Dunarea de Jos», 2000).
“Upper Prut”, the other Euroregion in the area, was established on September 22, 2000 in Botosani (Romania). It included Chernivtsi region (Ukraine), Botosani and Suceava counties (Romania), Balti and Yedinets counties (Republic of Moldova). Since October 15, 2003 the Euroregion was joined also by Ivano-Frankivsk region of Ukraine and Faleshti, Glodeni, Ocnitsa, Ryshkani and Bricheni counties of Republic of Moldova. The federal land of Carinthia (Austria) became a European Associate Partner of the Upper Prut Euroregion. According to the constituent documents, Upper Prut’s activities were envisaged in a wide range of areas, which can be grouped into the following major groups: economic projects (trade liberalization, functioning of chambers of commerce, tourism development and implementation of advanced technologies), infrastructure (energy integration systems, transport and communication networks), environmental projects (prevention of trans-border water pollution, effects of industrial accidents and natural disasters, the development of cleaner production), cultural and humanitarian activities (science, education, culture, sports and youth, public health, to ensure full and effective equality of persons belonging to national minorities).
Some peculiarities of the Upper Prut and Lower Danube Euroregions can be outlined, compared with the Western European experience of Euroregional co-operation. Unlike the Western European regions, which are primarily designed to promote economic development of peripheral regions, the Ukrainian – Moldovan – Romanian cross-border regions are more focused on education, scientific and cultural dimensions of cooperation. They also have a special emphasis on protection of respective national minorities across borders, striving for the creation of new opportunities for solving ethnic problems in the region. In addition, the specificity of these Euroregions lies in the fact that they are based on administrative territorial units which is not a general rule in European practice.
Unfortunately, the “Lower Danube” and “Upper Prut” Euroregions did not prove to become a viable independent partnership instrument and did not make the expected long-term impact on creating a common cross-border space with integrated infrastructure and respective mental perception. Nevertheless, they played a positive role in the general revitalization and diversification of bilateral and trilateral relations on their early stage of development.
Moldova and Ukraine operate joint customs posts to monitor the transit of people and commodities through Moldova's break-away Transnistria region, which remains under the auspices of an Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe-mandated peacekeeping mission comprised of Moldovan, Transnistrian, Russian, and Ukrainian troops.
Official Name: Ukraine
President: Petr Poroshenko
Prime-minister: Volodymyr Groysman
Area: 603,6 km2
Ethnic Groups: Ukrainians 77,8%, Russians 17,3%, 4,9% others
Languages: 67,5% Ukrainian (official), 29,5% Russian
Population: 42,74 millions (as of 01.03.2016)
Description of the Territorial Administration and Governance:
Ukraine is subdivided into 27 regions: 24 oblasts, one autonomous republic, and two "cities with special status". The administrative division in Ukraine was directly inherited from the local republican administration of the Soviet Union, the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, and has not changed majorly since the middle of the 20th century. It is somewhat complex as beside having couple of levels of a territorial subdivision, it also has its own classification for various settlements. The administrative division has the following units: autonomous republic, oblast (region), raion (district), misto (city), raion in misto (district in city), selyshche miskoho typu (town), silrada (village council), selo (village). There are three main criteria by which the mentioned administrative division units are divided.
1. By geographical characteristics the units are divided on regions (such as autonomous republic, oblasts, districts, cities with special status) and places of settlement (cities, towns, villages).
2. By their status they can be administrative-territorial units (oblasts and districts), self-governed territorial units (cities, towns, villages). Also the autonomous republic has a unique status of territorial autonomy, while districts in cities combine both characteristics of administrative territorial as well as self-governed territorial units.
3. By position in the system of administrative division of Ukraine, the units divided into territorial units of prime level (cities w/o district division, districts in cities, towns, villages), of middle level (districts, cities with district division), and of higher level (autonomous republic, oblasts, cities with special status).
Regions, cities, districts are governed by a state administration, a chief of which is appointed by the president. Crimea has its own cabinet of ministers, however the state administration is represented by the office of the Presidential Representative of Ukraine. A basic and the lowest level of administrative division is a settlement that is governed by a local council (rada). Cities as a settlement always carry a special status within a region and have their own form of self-administration (municipality - vykonkom) and some may consist of their own city's districts (raions). Bigger cities may include additional smaller cities, towns, and rural localities. City municipalities are governed by a mayor and a city council (miskrada). Towns as well as villages do not have a traditional administration and are governed by either a town council (selyshchena rada) or a village council (silrada). Village councils may carry a combined jurisdiction which may include several villages and hamlets (selyshche). Unlike villages, each town council always has a separate jurisdiction which may be part of bigger city's council. Hamlet (selyshche) is a non-governed rural locality and is governed by a village council of nearby village.
Beside the administrative divisions, there is also a loose concept of geographical division that is often used for reference purposes. The division splits Ukraine into 4 to six geographic parts: Western Ukraine, Eastern Ukraine, Southern Ukraine, Central Ukraine, and sometimes used Northern Ukraine and Southeastern Ukraine.
EaPTC eligible regions: Odesa, Vinnytsya, Chernivtsi Oblasts