EaPTC Cooperation Programmes
Armenia – Georgia
Armenia – Georgia / News & Events
EaPTC Armenia – Georgia Awarded Grant Projects
- Addressing common challenges in youth employment through cross-border tourism development
- Better Together: Joint Action for Conservation of Javekheti –Shirak Eco–Region
- Biking and rural combined cross-border tourism, as innovative approach for promoting cross-border cooperation
- Common Solutions to Shared Concerns: Improvement of Solid Waste Management Services in Ijevan and Bolnisi
- Cross-border Economic Development (CED)
- Fairy-Tales Teaching Trust
- Sustainable Forest and Energy Solutions through Cross-border cooperation (SuFESC)
- Young Traveller
- Youth voices for change and development
Armenia – Georgia / Documents
|AM-GE_List of Awarded Projects_AM.xls||AM-GE_List of Awarded Projects_AM||106 Kb|
|AM-GE_List of Awarded Projects_GE.xls||AM-GE_List of Awarded Projects_GE||101 Kb|
|AM-GE Joint Operational Programme_Final_ENG.pdf||AM-GE Joint Operational Programme_Final_ENG||627,65 Kb|
|JOP_Armenia-Georgia_FINAL_ARM.pdf||AM-GE Joint Operational Programme_Final_AM||520,72 Kb|
|JOP Armenia-Georgia (Georgian).pdf||AM-GE Joint Operational Programme_Final_GE||681,06 Kb|
|AM-GE_JDMC RoP_ENG.pdf||AM-GE Rules of Procedures ENG||216,16 Kb|
|AM-GE_JDMC RoP_RUS.pdf||AM-GE Rules of Procedures RUS||271,42 Kb|
|ARM EaPTC recommendations on TYPICAL MISTAKES FINAL.pdf||ARM EaPTC recommendations on TYPICAL MISTAKES FINAL||163,25 Kb|
|GE EaPTC recommendations on TYPICAL MISTAKES FINAL.pdf||GEO EaPTC recommendations on TYPICAL MISTAKES FINAL||149,18 Kb|
|ENG EaPTC recommendations on TYPICAL MISTAKES FINAL.pdf||ENG EaPTC recommendations on TYPICAL MISTAKES FINAL||227,47 Kb|
|Call for applications assessors.pdf||Calls for Applications Assessors||112,88 Kb|
|ConceptNote.ENG.docx||Concept Note_ENG||479,99 Kb|
|ConceptNote.RUS.docx||Concept Note_RUS||480,63 Kb|
|Logical Framework Matrix.ENG.docx||Logical Framework Matrix_ENG||359,39 Kb|
|Logical Framework Matrix.RUS.docx||Logical Framework Matrix_RUS||359,83 Kb|
|Questions.ENG.docx||Questions ENG||359,68 Kb|
|Questions.RUS.docx||Questions RUS||360,53 Kb|
|Budget ENG.xls||Budget ENG||53,5 Kb|
|Budget RUS.xls||Budget RUS||68 Kb|
Description of Territorial Administration and governance:
Official Name: Republic of Armenia
Capital and largest city: Yerevan
President: Serzh Sargsyan
Prime Minister: Karen Karapetyan
Total land area of Armenia: 29,743 km²
Ethnic groups: Armenian 97.9%, Yezidi (Kurd) 1.3%, Russian 0.5%, other 0.3% (2001 census).
Languages: Armenian (official) 97.7%, Yezidi 1%, Russian 0.9%, other 0.4% (2001 census).
Religions: Armenian Apostolic 94.7%, other Christian 4%, Yezidi (monotheist with elements of nature worship) 1.3%.
Population: 2,977 (July 2013 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 64% of total population (2010).
Rate of urbanization: - 0.11% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Armenia has 11 administrative territorial unites or “marzes”: Aragatsotn, Ararat, Armavir, Gegharquniq, Lori, Kotayq, Shirak, Syunik, Vayots-Dzor, Tavush and Yerevan. Public administration in the marzes is governed by RA President’s decree “On public administration in the marzes of the Republic of Armenia” and other legal acts.
Marzes are divided into urban and rural communities. Despite the relatively small country size and population there are 1000 settlements in Armenia governed by 930 local governments. The total number of urban communities defined by the Law on Administrative-Territorial Division is 59, including 47 cities and 12 communities (districts) in Yerevan. The remaining 871 are rural.
EaPTC eligible regions: Shirak, Lori and Tavush regions
Shiark marzpetaran or regional administration consists of marzpet (governor), deputy governors, counselors and the administrative staff (6 department, 6 division, secretariat and 5 separate units). There are also other state non-commercial and non-profit organizations in its structure.
There are three urban and 116 rural communities in the region. The population of the region amounts 169.6 ths. inhabitants. 60% of population lives in urban area.
Gyumri (145.9 ths. Inhabitants as of the end of 2011) is the administrative center of Shirak marz. Other major towns are Artik (17.4 ths. inhabitants) and Maralik (6.2 ths. inhabitants).
Shirak region covers 2, 681 s. km, 9% of Armenia’s territory. It is situated in the north–west of the country and borders Georgia and Turkey. The territory contains the main railway and automobile highway connecting Armenia with Georgia, and the railway and road networks of Armenia and Turkey are connected here. Shirak International Airport in Gyumri provides services to about 46,000 passengers annually, and features regular flights to Moscow, Rostov-on-don and Sochi. It was recently refurbished and is equipped with a state-of-the-art navigation system, new runways and lights, and other modern improvements.
Gyumri town is situated at a distance of 118 km Yerevan and is at 1550 m above sea level. It is the second town of the Republic of Armenia by its population number and importance.
According to National Statistical service of RA, Shirak region has the highest poverty rate in Armenia – 47,7%. There are 18512 families registered in regional social services of which 14899 families receive family allowances in 2012. Moreover, there are 7728 registered job-seekers in the region. Currently, several social programs are being implemented to improve the situation and overcome the crisis.
Lori marzpetaran consists of marzpet (governor), deputy governors, counselors and the administrative staff (6 department, 6 division, secretariat and separate units). The Administration has 145 staff members, out of which 128 are civil servants, 7 build the staff of the Governor, and 10 – technical personal. There are also other state non-commercial and non-profit organisations in its structure.
There are eight urban and 105 rural communities in the region. The population of the region amounts 282.2 ths. Inhabitants. 58.6% of population lives in urban area.
Administrative center of the marz is Vanadzor (104.9 ths. inhabitants at the end of the year 2011). Other major towns are Spitak (15.3 ths. inhabitants), Stepanavant (16.2 ths. inhabitants), Tashir (8.7 ths. inhabitants) and Alaverdi (16.4 ths. inhabitants).
Lori region covers 3750 s. km, 13% of Armenia’s territory. It is located in the north of Armenia. It borders with Georgia in the North, in the South – RA Kotayk and Aragatsotnmarzes and in the West – RA Shirak marz. Lori is the third largest marz by its territory. RA general railway runs through the central part of the marz.
Tavush marzpetaran consists of marzpet (governor), deputy governors, counselors and the administrative staff (7 departments, 6 divisions, secretariat and 4 separate units). There are also other state non-commercial and non-profit organisations in its structure.
There are 5 urban and 57 rural communities in the region. The population of the region amounts 134.8 ths. inhabitants. 39.2% of population lives in urban area.
The Administrative center of the marz is Ijevan (20.7 ths. inhabitants as of the end of 2011). The major towns are Dilijan (15.7 ths. inhabitants), Noyemberyan (5.5 ths. inhabitants), Berd (8.5 ths. inhabitants) and Ayrum (2.4 ths. inhabitants).
Tavush region covers 2,704 s. km, 9.1% of Armenia’s territory. It is situated in the north-eastern part of Armenia. In the South-East and South the marz borders with Gegharqunik and Kotayk marzes, in the West it borders with Lori marz and Georgia, in the North and East – Azerbaijan. 46 communities of the region are bordering Azerbaijan.
Aghstev river flows to the south-east through the marz centre. The Northern Caucasus-Tbilisi-Yerevan gas-bearer goes through the marz centre.
Marz center Ijevan town is situated at a distance of 135 km from Yerevan. It is at 1350 m above sea level and is the administrative, industrial, educational and cultural center and transport junction of the whole north-eastern part. The main trend of town industry is manufacturing (particularly, woodworking, production of food, mineral water and wine). Ijevan town is also known by carpet making.
According to National Statistical service of RA, Tavush region has one of the lowest poverty rates in Armenia – 26.7%. There are 4632 families registered in regional social services of which 3952 families receive family allowances in 2012. There are 4601 registered job-seekers in the region.
Experience in cross-border cooperation
1) Armenia and Georgia, Fostering regional development in Armenia and Georgia through cross-border cooperation, funded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands (07.10.09 – 08.12.09)
The wider objective of the project was to strengthen regional development in Georgia and Armenia through cross-border cooperation. The pilot border municipalities are located in the peripheral regions of Armenia and Georgia that benefit less from the centrifugal force around the capitals. The specific objective was to strengthen the capacity of local governments, their associations and civil society in Georgia and Armenia to provide better services and improving living conditions.
The results of the project are:
1. Improved planning capacities of local governments to provide better services, regional development and improvement of living conditions at both sides of the Armenian border.
2. Increased ability of local governments and civil society in the border region between Georgia and Armenia to actively participate in and contribute towards sustainable development.
3. Strengthened capacity of EuroCaucas, CAA and NALAG to represent the interests of local governments and foster cross border cooperation and inter-municipal cooperation in the border region between Armenia and Georgia.
2) Establishment of Lake Arpi National Park: “Ecoregional Conservation Programme in the Southern Caucasus Region: Establishment of Protected Areas in Armenia’s Javakhq (Ashotsk) Region”, funded by the German Government (KfW German Development Bank), 2007 - 2011
Overall project objective is to conserve the unique biodiversity of the Javakheti-Shirak plateau in Armenia on the border to Georgia and Turkey at the same time as enhancing sustainable rural development in the northern Shirak region through establishment of the Lake Arpi National Park and implementation of a support zone programme, targeting around 20 villages.
3) Euro-region “EuroCaucasus” - established in 2009 by Armenian and Georgian municipalities with support from the National Association of Local Authorities of Georgia (NALAG) and the Communities Association of Armenia (CAA). It unites 4 municipalities from Georgia (Dmanisi, Bolnisi, Marneuli and Ninotsminda) and municipalities from three Marzes from Armenia (Tavush, Lori and Shirak).
a) Alaverdi: “Formation of cross-border cooperation on environmental issues on the example of city Alaverdi and River Debet”
The aim of this project is to establish networks with Georgian municipalities to foster cooperation on environmental issues. The environmental situation on cross-border territory is nearly the same with the same problems that require urgent solutions. Cooperation of both sides on these issues will promote to finding efficient solutions to common problems.
b) Tashir and Vanadzor: “Fostering cooperation and development of small & medium business of the trans-border communities”
The aim of this project is to create a database of Armenian and Georgian businessmen which will later on collaborate on issues of common interest, on initiating joint projects and fostering development of small and medium business in Georgia and Armenia. The uniqueness of the project is the fact that no such database existed before and its creation will give an opportunity to keep a regular contact with partners and come up with joint projects.
c) Vanadzor, Dilijan and Ijevan: “Tourism Development Project”
The aim of the project is to promote tourism development between Armenia and Georgia by establishing tourism offices in 3 cities.
It is worth to mention that Civil Society organisations have experience of cross border cooperation, not only with Georgian partners, but also from other regions.
Description of Territorial Administration and governance:
Official Name: Georgia
President: Giorgi Margvelashvili
Prime Minister: Giorgi Kvirikashvili
Total land area of Georgia: 69,700 km²
Ethnic groups: Georgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5%, Armenian 5.7%, Russian 1.5%, other 2.5% (2002 census)
Languages: Georgian (official) 71%, Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azeri 6%, other 7%, note: Abkhaz is the official language in Abkhazia
Religions: Orthodox Christian (official) 83.9%, Muslim 9.9%, Armenian-Gregorian 3.9%, Catholic 0.8%, other 0.8%, none 0.7% (2002 census)
Population: 4, 490, 500 ( January 2014 est)
Urbanization: urban population: 54% of total population (2014), rate of urbanization: -0.5% annual rate of change (2013-2014)
Capital: Tbilisi - population 1, 175 million (as of first of January 2014)
System of State Administration of Georgia:
Georgia is a democratic republic, with the President as the head of state, and Prime Minister as the head of government.
The President of Georgia is the Head of the State of Georgia. The President of Georgia ensures the functioning of state bodies within the scope of his/her powers granted by the Constitution. The President of Georgia is the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Georgia. The Prime Minister is the head of the Government. The Government of Georgia is the supreme body of executive power to implement the internal and foreign policy of the country. The Government is accountable to the Parliament of Georgia. The Prime Minister appoints and removes from office other members of the Government. The Parliament of Georgia is the supreme representative body of the country. It exercises legislative power, determine the main directions of domestic and foreign policy, exercise control over Government activity within the realm of the Constitution, and perform other duties. the Parliament of Georgia consists of 77 members elected by a proportional voting system and 73 members elected by a majoritarian voting system. The MPs are elected for four years terms. The Parliament of Georgia resides in the city of Kutaisi.
Georgia is a member of the Council of Europe(1999), while aspiring to join NATO and the European Union. Member of Eastern Partnership Countries.
On 27th of June 2014 the EU and Georgia signed an Association Agreement. Georgia has also been part of the Eastern Partnership since its launch in 2009.
Georgia is divided into two autonomous republics, nine regions (Georgian: mkhare) and the capital city of Tbilisi. The nine regions are Guria, Imereti, Kakheti, Kvemo Kartli, Mtskheta-Mtianeti, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti, Samtskhe-Javakheti, and Shida Kartli.
Abkhazia (main city Sokhumi was granted an autonomy in 1921 by Democratic Republic of Georgia’s constitution.). Since the August War in 2008 Abkhazia and South Ossetia ( main city Ckhinvali) became occupied regions of Georgia. De jure, bothe regions are headed by the Chairman of the Supreme Council (in exile) while de facto they are headed by the Presidents Adjara (main city Batumi) Autonomous Republic is defined by Georgian law. The local legislative body is the supreme Council. Chairperson of the Government of the Autonomous Republic of Ajara is appointed by President by prior consent of the Government of Georgia. In July 2007, the seat of the Georgian Constitutional Court moved from Tbilisi to Batumi. Adjara is subdivided into six administrative units
The first level divisions of Georgia (9 regions, 2 autonomous republics and City of Tbilisi) are divided into 76 municipalities with local governments.
On 5 February 2014 the Parliament of Georgia approved new Local Self-Government Code. to Self-governing status was granted to 7 more cities and today there are 12 Self-governing cities in the country headed by the Mayor the supreme self-government official. The regional administrations are headed by State Trustee - Governor, appointed and dismissed by The Government.
EaPTC eligible regions: Kvemo Kartli and Samtskhe-Javakheti regions
Kvemo Kartli Region. Administrative Centre: Rustavi
The Kvemo Kartli region of Georgia is located in the south-east part of the country. KvemoKartli makes up area of 6.5 thousand square kilometers, or 9.3% of Georgian territory. The region's population totals 511.2 thousand people, or 11.4% of the total population. Region includes 347 settlements, in particular, seven cities - Tbilisi, Rustavi, Gardabani, Dmanisi, Tetritskaro, Marneuli, Tsalka, eight urban settlements - DidiLilo, Kojori, Kazreti, Manglisi, Tamarisi, Shaumyani, Bediani, Trialeti and 334 villages. 39% of the region's population live in the cities and urban settlements, while 61% in rural areas. 19 settlements of Dmanisi municipality located above 1500 m ASL, 46 settlement of Tsalka (1500 meters ASL) and 35 villages (1300 m ASL) of Tetritskaro municipality belong to the mountainous part of the region.The region borders Samtskhe-Javakheti in the west, Tbilisi, ShidaKartli and Mtskheta-Mtianeti in the north, Kakheti in the east, Azerbaijan in the south-east and the Republic of Armenia in the south.
KvemoKartli region is sandwiched between the moderate and subtropical zones. Due to the particularities of the terrain, the climate is dry. KvemoKartli lowland has partly semi-maritime, moderate continental climate type. The climate is relatively cool and damp in the middle belt region. Subnival climate reigns in the mountains.
KvemoKartli is rich with mineral resources; however their potential is not used in full. Wind, solar and biogas energy potential could have been developed in the region.
44.7% of the population are ethnic Georgians, 45.1% - Azerbaijanis, 6.4% - Armenians, 3,8% - Abkhazians, Ossetians, Russians, Greeks, Ukrainians and Kurds. In addition, ethnic Georgians prevail in Rustavi and Tetritskaro, Armenians and Greeks in Tsalka, and Azerbaijani population in Gardabani, Marneuli, Bolnisi and Dmanisi. The population density in this area is 128 people per square kilometer.
There are seven self-governing units (municipalities) in KvemoKartli region: the self-governing city of Rustavi and municipalities of Bolnisi, Gardabani, Dmanisi, Tetritskaro, Marneuli and Tsalka.
Compared to other regions, KvemoKartli has rather positive dynamics of natural increase in population, which means that in the long-term prospect this growing population will demand building of social infrastructure, social services and creation of jobs.
The State Representative – Governor, whose Administration is based in Rustavi, represents the executive authority at the regional level .
The city of Rustavi adjoins the capital of Georgia - Tbilisi. The proximity of KvemoKartli to the country’s capital, the airport and borders with the Republics of Azerbaijan and Armenia, its location at the crossing of transport corridors and the East-West Energy corridor zone, as well as high level of urbanization gives the region good opportunities for development.
Civil Society and the Media
The NGO sector is underdeveloped in the region. Non-governmental organizations are mainly concentrated in the cities of Rustavi and Marneuli. Women and ethnic minority rights communities are relatively well represented in the region. To a large extent, non-governmental organizations mainly carry out the international donor-funded projects. Consequently, their stability essentially depends on donor funding. NGOs actively cooperate with the local authorities as well as international organizations.
There are three regional TV companies that broadcast in Kvemo Kartli region: "Kvemo Kartli TV-Radio Company", "Bolneli" and "Marneuli TV". Periodicity of regional print media varies. There is “Trialeti Express” published in Georgian, Russian, and Armenian languages, "Rustavi", "Rustavi News" and "Bolnisi" are published the Georgian language and the latter has supplement in Azerbaijani language. Armenian and Azeri population is able to get news and information through the Georgian Public Broadcaster. "Marneuli TV" broadcasts in Azerbaijani and Georgian languages and "Tetritsyaro Herald" is published once a month in the Georgian language.
Kvemo Kartli - Big city in the region: Dmanisi
Dmanisi is located at south-west of Georgia in Kvemo Kartli, at the border with Armenia. Municipality area is 1198 sq kilometers, it comprises from one town and 55 villages. Number of population is 29 868.
Main part of Dmanisi Municipality population is self employed in private agricultural enterprises and farms. Opportunity for state employment is Municipality only. There are micro enterprises run by locals (shops mainly).
Level of poverty in Dmanisi Municipality is officially identified in accordance with official state rating indicators. In accordance with state poverty rating 926 families in Dmanisi Municipality are considered as socially unprotected (having rating between 57 000 -150 000 points) and getting state assistance. Social services are mainly delivered by Municipality and by Regional Division of Social Service Agency, belonging to the Ministry of Labour, Social Protection and Health Care of Georgia.
There are cultural facilities available in Dmanisi Municipality: Culture and Arts Centre, Music school with two branches in villages, museum, and folklore groups (e.g. Russian folklore group “Dmanisi Aisi”). Cultural and Arts Centre offers dancing, arts studios to youth. There is central library in Dmanisi and three branches in villages. There is sports school offering wrestling, sambo, soccer, chess trainings.
There are several local festivals celebrated locally : “Dmanisoba” – day of Dmanisi and “Gomaretoa” – day of Gomareti (one of villages in Municipality).
Experience in cross-border cooperation
Cross border cooperation in Dmanisi Municipality is not very active due to the political challenges between Azerbaijan and Armenia – on Georgian side Azerbaijan origin population prevails, and neighbours abroad are Armenians.
Despite this challenge Municipality is enthusiastic about enhancing of cross border cooperation, especially in tourism sector.
Municipality supported local CSO “Lore” to implement two projects, related to cross border cooperation:
In 2011-2012 “Lore”, in partnership with NALAG (also with involvement of the Kingdom of the Netherlands Utrecht AMECO Environmental Protection Service), within the frame of the MATRA Project implemented the project, called “ Facilitation of Geo-Armenian Regional Development via Cross-Border Relations”, within the pilot project “Tourism Development facilitation in Dmanisi Municipality” ( 4 992 EUR).
Within the period of 1 May, 2012 – 15 Nov. 2012 “Lore” undertook cross-border pilot project, financed by CENN (Caucasus Environmental Non-Government Network): “Soil Natural Productivity Restoration and Landslide Risk Reduction through Tree Planting”, within the frame of the Regional Project, called “Sustainable Management of Soil Resources for Soil Degradation Elimination and Poverty Reduction in South Caucasus Region” (9 910 EUR).
Municipilaty is rather satsfied with results and would like to proceed further in this direction.
Municipality has opinion that one of the best ways of municipalities cooperation would be creation of joint emergency services (e.g. fire fighting service) able to help without going through complicated border controls procedures. The main reason for that is frequent fire emergency in summer, when urgent assistance from Georgian side is needed. But fire fighting brigades are obliged to go to Guguti border check point (there is no check point in Dmanisi), what takes around 40-60 minitues. Time is too valuable when fighting with fire, facilitated procedures for such brigades should be introduced.
Administrative Centre: Akhaltsikhe.
Samtskhe-Javakheti is located in the south-east of Georgia. It includes three historic regions – Samtskhe, Javakheti and Tori. This Georgian region borders Adjara, Guria, Imereti, ShidaKartli, KvemoKartli, Armenia and Turkey.
The total territory of Samtskhe-Javakheti makes up 6421 square kilometers. The population density is 32 people per 1 square kilometer. There are six self-government units, in particular, Akhaltsikhe, Adigeni, Aspindza, Borjomi, Akhalkalaki and Ninotsminda municipalities. There are 353 settlements, including five towns - Akhalkalaki, Akhaltsikhe, Borjomi, Vale, Ninotsminda; seven urban settlements - Bakuriani, Bakuriani Andesite, Tsagveri, Akhaldaba, Adigeni, Abastumani, Aspindza and 254 villages.
The region has a favorable geopolitical location; it borders Turkey and Armenia, and this fact creates favorable conditions for the development of trade, economic and cultural relations with the neighboring countries.
Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline, the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline, and Marabda-Akhalkalaki-Kars railway run through the territory of Samtshe-Javakheti region.
As of January 2013, Samtskhe-Javakheti is populated with 213.5 thousand people, which is slightly less than 5%of Georgian population. The growth trend was observed within the last decade. 31% of the region's population (66.5 million people) live in cities, while 69% (147 thousand people) in the villages. Most residents are registered in the municipalities of Akhalkalaki (65 thousand) and Akhaltsikhe (48.4 thousand).
Samtskhe-Javakheti region, as well as ShidaKartli, Adjara and Tbilisi, is among the regions with the positive natality balance.
Also, there is some mechanical increase in population in the region. According to the State Statistics Department data as of 2012, the positive balance of migration in the region totaled 250 people.
The location of Samtskhe-Javakheti region promotes cross-border cooperation. For the time being, the trade relationships are well-developed. It is essential to deepen ties with neighboring countries in different sectors of economy and tourism for further development of the cross-border cooperation.
Current legal and institutional structure of the regional government makes it impossible to develop cross-border cooperation on the level of public services. The ongoing decentralization reforms planned by the Ministry of Regional Development and Infrastructure of Georgia are important in this regard.
City of Akhaltsikhe, where the governor's administration is based, is a regional center.
It is one of the oldest cities in Georgia, which historically has played an important role in the political and economic life. Since XIII century the fortress of Lomsia belonged to Atabags and was considered as Jakeli family residence. Since1628 the city was the center of the possessions of Akhaltsikhe Pasha, since 1840 is was the center of Akhaltsikhe district of the Russian Empire, and in 1930 became the administrative center.
Akhaltsikhe for the time being is the administrative, agricultural and cultural center of Samtskhe-Javaheti region, with population of 22.4 thousand people. The city lies on both banks of the river of Potskhovi; on the left bank there is an old part of the city – a fortress built on a high rocky hill and the Rabat called district, where religion buildings such as Mosque, St. Marina Church and the Roman Catholic Church are still preserved. On the right bank of the river of Potskhovi right we have no less important part of Ahaltsikhe, such as administrative offices, agriculture and manufacturing facilities, cultural and educational centers.
There are four regional TV companies present in Samtskhe-Javakheti: Akhaltsikhe TV "Channel 9", TV "Borjomi", Akhalkalaki TV station "ATV-12" and Ninotsminda TV "Parvana”. The population also has opportunity to get news and information in the Armenian language via Georgian Public Broadcaster. Akhalkalaki TV station "ATV-12" and Ninotsminda TV "Parvana" broadcasts only in Armenian language.
Periodicity of regional printed media varies: newspaper "South Gate" (SamkhretisKaribche), newspaper "Akhaltsikhe Newspaper", newspaper "Borjomi", newspaper "Aspindza Herald" and newspaper "Literary Meskheti".